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Autologous transfusions. Currently, no test exists to directly detect autologous transfusions. Instead, indirect methods are used.

Blood doping is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other sports organizations.

human blood is not availablethere is a high risk of blood infectionthere isn't enough time to find the proper match of blood typeAthletes use synthetic oxygen carriers to achieve the same performance enhancing effects of other types of blood doping: increased oxygen in the blood that helps fuel muscles.

In medical practice, EPO injections are given to stimulate the production of red blood cells. For example, a synthetic EPO can Red Nike Air Max Tavas be used to treat patients with anemia related to chronic or end stage kidney disease.

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Blood Doping

Blood transfusions. In normal medical practice, patients may undergo blood transfusions to replace blood lost due to injury or surgery. Transfusions also are given to patients who suffer from low red blood cell counts caused by anemia, kidney failure, and other conditions or treatments.

Homologous transfusion. In this type of transfusion, athletes use the blood of someone else with the same blood type.

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Tests for Blood DopingThere are tests to detect some types of blood doping, but not all. Here's a roundup of testing for different types of blood doping:

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Red Nike Air Max Tavas

One indirect method involves comparing an athlete's blood profile at Nike Air Max Tavas Style

Autologous transfusion. This involves a transfusion of the athlete's own blood, which is drawn and then stored for future use.

Types of Blood DopingThe three widely used types of blood doping are:

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EPO injections. EPO is a hormone produced by the kidney. It regulates the body's production of red blood cells.

Red Nike Air Max Tavas

Red Nike Air Max Tavas

Red Nike Air Max Tavas

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Athletes using EPO do so to encourage their bodies to produce higher than normal amounts of red blood cells to enhance performance.

but:

testing time to blood samples collected at previous times. Significant differences between the two indicate possible blood doping. Known as the Athlete Passport, this method is endorsed by the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA).

In many cases, blood doping increases the amount of hemoglobin in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin is an oxygen carrying protein in the blood. So increasing hemoglobin allows higher amounts of oxygen to reach and fuel an athlete's muscles. This can improve stamina and performance, particularly in Nike Air Max Tavas (Black / Cool Grey - Anthracite)

Red Nike Air Max Tavas

HBOCs (hemoglobin based oxygen carriers)PFCs (perfluorocarbons)Synthetic oxygen carriers have a legitimate medical use as emergency therapy. It is used when a patient needs a blood transfusion Air Max Thea Desert Tan

Synthetic oxygen carriers. These are chemicals that have the ability to carry oxygen. Two examples are:

blood transfusionsinjections of erythropoietin (EPO)injections of synthetic oxygen carriersHere are some more details about each of these types of blood doping:

long distance events, such as running and cycling.

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Illicit blood transfusions are used by athletes to boost performance. There are two types.

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